Affected dogs are treated
with enzyme replacements, vitamins, (and occasionally steroids) that
are added to their food daily. Lifetime treatment is required
in most cases and can get somewhat expensive. AFFECTED DOGS
SHOULD NOT BE BRED!
(+/- Volvulus) --
Gastric dilation is a life threatening disease characterized by a
tremendous ballooning (dilatation) of the stomach with gas and
frothy material. Dilatation may be followed by twisting of the
stomach (volvulus) that closes both the inlet and outlet of the
stomach. As swelling continues, shock develops as the swollen
stomach blocks the return of blood from the abdomen to the heart.
Widespread tissue damage and kidney failure occur and death from
respiratory and cardiac arrest soon follows.
While most cases occur in
large, deep-chested dogs, small dogs can occasionally be affected.
The disorder appears suddenly in apparently healthy dogs. The
cause is unknown, but the condition is complex and multiple causes
Prompt treatment is
essential for a successful outcome. Irreversible damage can
occur in a surprisingly short time. In fact, many affected
dogs die before treatment can be given. Surgery is necessary
in ALL cases of gastric volvulus and recurrences are common in some
Diarrhea from Bacterial Overgrowth --
is now known as SIBO (Small Intestine Bacterial Overgrowth).
It is a disorder that may be the cause of persisting diarrhea,
increased appetite, and weight loss. The GSD has been thought
to have a low serum and mucosal level of IgA - the surface
protection mechanism of the immune system. Simply put, there
are too many bacteria living in the small intestines for the dog's
health. These bacteria take some of the best nutrients out of
the food eaten that passes from the stomach to the small intestine.
has to be confirmed by blood tests, then a month long course of
antibiotics together with a modified low fat diet is usually
sufficient to clear the disorder entirely.